Native Americans American Indians / First Nations Social Studies

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I do not pretend to list all the resources to be found, they are many and always changing.  But I do hope this will be a good place to begin your research.


500 Nations __ This is a website jam packed with news about Native Americans. You will find history, anthropology, current events, even casino news, just about everything you can imagine relating to Native Americans. You will find information broken down by US states and Canadian Provinces. - illustrated - From 500 Nations - 

Aboriginal Peoples: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage __ "The province of Newfoundland and Labrador today is home to four peoples of Aboriginal ancestry: the Inuit, the Innu, the Micmac and the Metis." Here you will find history and cultural information about all four including society, arts and government. - illustrated - From Memorial University of Newfoundland -


Acoma, New Mexico, America's Oldest Continually Inhabited City ___Much of what's here, fact-wise, can be found on other websites. However, the way this information is presented makes it easier to enjoy and to remember. - Illustrated - From Chuck Burnes -

The Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas __ Tribal home page. Read about history, economic development, culture, services and more. "Nestled deep in the Big Thicket of East Texas lies Texas' oldest Indian reservation, home of the Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas. A community 1,000 strong, some 550 tribal members call these 4,600 acres of timberland near Livingston in Polk County their home." - illustrated - From The Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas -

American Indian and Alaska Native Populations ___This isn't a fancy website, but it's loaded with information concerning population, housing, social and economic characteristics, language and tribes. - Maps - From U.S. Census Bureau -

The American West - Native Americans ___"This web-site will try to present as true and accurate a picture as possible of the past, but not dwell on it... You will find many Native American web-sites with an abundance of facts and sources of information here." - Text only - From AmericanWest -

American Indians FAQ for Kids ___Find the answers to 17 questions "frequently asked by younger readers." - Text only - From Native Languages of the Americas -

Battle of the Washita ___Mr. Nesbitt tells his tale in a dramatic, riveting manner. His narrative is definitely one-sided, in favour of Custer's forces and anti-'savage'. The article was published in 1925. - Text only - By Paul Nesbitt -


Blackfoot Confederacy __ "The Blackfoot Confederacy consists of four different tribes, the Pikuni/Peigan, North Peigan Pikuni, Blood/Kainai, and Blackfoot/Siksika. Members of the Blackfoot Confederation presently live in Montana, the United States and Alberta, Canada." Learn about their history, culture and ceremonials. - illustrated - From Minnesota State University -

Canada First Nations __ Here is a list of Canadian Indian tribes arranged by region. - From 500 Nations -


Canadian First Nations by Province __ "Click on each province for a listing of Native American tribes that have lived there." - illustrated - From -



Center for the Study of the First Americans __ Here is a resource which is invaluable for the study of the earliest Americans. I would be lost without it. "In 1976 the Bingham trustees became interested in the unfolding mystery of the earliest inhabitants of North America. Scholars suspected that early humans had entered North America from Asia by the Bering Land Bridge now submerged beneath the Bering Sea. Archaeological research at numerous Paleoindian sites (12,000 - 8,000 years before present) demonstrated the presence of early people in the United States and Canada. But the essential questions of who, how, when, where people came to the Americas remained without answers. Some data suggested occupation of the Western United States and South America may have occurred as long as 50,000 years ago." - From Center for the Study of the First Americans/Texas A&M University -

Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission___ "The Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) is the technical support and coordinating agency for fishery management policies of the four Columbia River treaty tribes. These tribes include: The Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon, the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Indian Nation, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, and the Nez Perce Tribe." - A few photos - From the CRITFC. -

Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes Official Website __ "The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes are comprised of the Bitterroot Salish, the Pend d’Oreille and the Kootenai tribes. The Flathead Reservation of 1.25 million acres in northwest Montana is our home now but our ancestors lived in the territory now known as western Montana, parts of Idaho, British Columbia and Wyoming. This aboriginal territory exceeded 20 million acres at the time of the 1855 Hellgate Treaty." - illustrated - From Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes Official Website -


Constitution of the Iroquois Nations __ Here is the text of the Constitution of the Iroquois Nations, a very important document in the study of the anthropology of Native Americans. The US Constitution was heavily influenced by this document. - From National Public Telecomputing Network and the Constitution Society -


Facts for Kids: Abenaki Indians (Abanaki, Abnaki, Abenakis) ___"Where do the Abenaki Indians live? What was Abenaki culture like in the past? What is it like now? What was Abenaki clothing like? Did they wear feather headdresses and face paint?" The answers to these (and many other questions) are here in easy-to-understand language. Highlighted words within the text lead you to further information about, and pictures of, the topic at hand. - Illustrated - From Native Languages of the Americas -


Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations __ "Many of the culture and traditions of First Nations people in Saskatchewan flow from the teachings and practices of our forefathers and Elders of today. Our forefathers, who entered into Treaties with the Crown, did so with the intention of establishing mutually beneficial arrangements between the Crown and First Nations. The Chiefs and Headsmen who negotiated the Treaties also had the wisdom and forethought to provide for our generation and those yet to come." You can learn more about their activities, goals and objectives. - illustrated - From FSIN - 


First Nations __ "First Nations is a term of ethnicity that refers to the Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis."  an encyclopedic article with links to related material. - illustrated - From wikipedia - 
First Nations Bands of Saskatchewan __ "Within these pages is information on the First Nation bands of the province of Saskatchewan. Information includes contact information, history, government, community and economic development, band programs and achievements, schools, annual events, tourist sites, and links." - illustrated - From Canada's Digital Collections Program -

The History of Native America __ An extensive collection of click-to-read articles about the indigenous people of America. - From World History Archives -

Index of Native American Resources on the Internet - WWWVL American Indians __ An extensive site by WWW Virtual Library about Native Americans including culture, history, social anthropology and more - From WWW Virtual Library -


Indian Bands By Province Index ___"... a long table of tribes in alphabetical order Provinces that have a page of contact info for bands are clickable. If there is a web page by/about a band, its link follows the band name..." - Text only - From Paula Giese - 

Indian Identity - Who's drawing the boundaries? __ "Tribes look to the U.S. government for recognition as nations, the same government that assumed many of their lands and possessions...Descendants of American Indians must apply to become citizens of tribes, yet they are citizens of the United States simply by being born...And, most ironic, an entire body of law exists about American Indians that they had no part in shaping." An important paper by Rekha Balu/American Bar Association -

KOASEK - Cowasuck Band of the Pennacook-Abenaki People __ Known as "The People of the White Pines, you will find several articles covering history, anthropology and culture, current events, genealogy, language and more. Click on the images to enter website. - illustrated - From Cowasuck Band of the Pennacook-Abenaki  People -

Kwakiutl __ A brief overview of Kwakuitl cultural anthropology. "The Kwakuitl are located between the fiftieth and fifty-fourth parallels in northwestern British Columbia, Canada. Higher concentrations are found on Queen Charlotte and Vancouver Island." Plus a lot of additional information. - From Minnesota State University -

Main Menu: Native American Indian PlentyStuff ___Links you to hundreds of websites and other index pages dealing with Native Americans, including maps, legends, herbal knowledge and recipes. - Text only - From Paula Giese -

Mohegan Tribe Web Site __ A beautiful website dealing with history, anthropology, tribal government, religion, current events and more. - illustrated - From Mohegan Tribe -

National Museum of the American Indian __ Visit the National Museum of the American Indian online to discover, events, educational opportunities, collections, archaeology, anthropology and more. The National Museum of the American Indian is a part of the Smithsonian Museums. - illustrated - From National Museum of the American Indian - 

Native American Indian Tribes of the US and Canada __ This is a large website covering many aspects of Native American life, history, anthropology, current events, news and more. - illustrated - From AAA Native Arts -

Native American Medal of Honor Winners __ "In the 20th century, five American Indians have been among those soldiers to be distinguished by receiving the United States' highest military honor: the Medal of Honor. Given for military heroism "above and beyond the call of duty," these warriors exhibited extraordinary bravery in the face of the enemy and, in two cases, made the ultimate sacrifice for their country." - From US Navy -

Native Americans __ Here you will find an excellent page from Crystalinks relating to many aspects of Native American culture and history. Well worth looking at. - From Crystalinks -

Native Council of Nova Scotia __ This is an excellent page introducing the cultural traditions of the Native Americans of Nova Scotia. - illustrated - From Native Council of Nova Scotia -

Native Peoples of the Great Lakes Region ___Here's a most excellent website devoted to the dozens of tribes who have inhabited the Great Lakes region over the centuries. "Approximately 120 bands of Native Peoples have occupied the Great Lakes basin over the course of history." Choose from the list of topics to access the information you need. Highlighted text will take you to a useful glossary of terms. - Illustrated - From the Great Lakes Information Service -

Nipmuc Nation __ Learn about this New England Indian Nation which occupied a large part of that region of the US. You will find history, culture, an online newspaper (pdf format) and a lot more. - From -

Northwest __"Peoples of the Northwest, like the Kwakiutl, live between the forest and the sea." With that introduction, you will find an interactive image. Just click on the hot-spots to find out more about the Kwakiutl. - illustrated - From - New Haven Unified School District, Ca. -

Northwest Indians ___"The Northwest Indian region runs along the Pacific Ocean coast from southern Alaska to Washington state. Some of the major groups were the Bella Bella, Chinook, Tillamook, Eyak, Coast Salish, and the Tlingit." Get excellent information from this easy-to-navigate website about such topics as traditional housing, religion and food. This is a second grade students' project. - Illustrated - From Orchard School in Indianapolis, Indiana -  

Nova Scotia First Nations Directory __ You will find contact information and the names of the First Nations of Nova Scotia - From Native Council of Nova Scotia -

Oklahoma Tribes and Officials __ Here is a list of Oklahoma tribes along with the names of tribal officials and contact information. - From -

Oklevueha Band Indian Colony of the Bad River Indian Reservation __ "The Oklevueha Band Colony maintains 40 acres of land located on the Bad River Indian Reservation. It is a community of mixed blood Native Americans of Oklevueha Band of Seminole descent who choose to remain sovereign and free from subjugation by the whims of the Federal US government. The Oklevueha Band assents to joint jurisdiction of the Colony site with the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa." - From Oklevueha Band Indian Colony -



On This Date in North American Indian History ___"This site archives thousands of historical events which happened to or affected the indigenous peoples of North America (Click the month names in the Dates section). It also has Tribal name meanings and alternative names (click Names below), Indian "moon" names (click Moon), and links to thousands of other sites..." - Illustrated - From Phil Konstantin -


Pueblo __ A brief overview of Pueblo history, language and daily life. - From Minnesota State University -

Secwepemc Shuswap Nation __ Clink on "index" to enter website. "The Secwepemc People, known by non-natives as the Shuswap, are a Nation of 17 bands occupying the south-central part of the Province of British Columbia, Canada. The ancestors of the Secwepemc people have lived in the interior of British Columbia for at least 10,000 years." - illustrated - From Secwepemc Culture and Education Society -

Shamanism __ "Shaman are spiritual beings with the ability to heal, work with energies and 'see' visions. The essential characteristics of shaman are mastery of energy and fire as a medium of transformation." In this article, learn about the anthropology of Shamanism as it relates to Native Americans. - illustrated - From Crystalinks -

Spanish Conquest of Native America ___This is an excellent website from which to learn about America's early inhabitants and how the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors affected their lives. There are sections for kids, teens and teachers. As well, you can download five free e-books (in PDF). - Illustrated - From Donald E. Sheppard -

The Study of Native Americans __ A great web site for the younger student. "At The Orchard School in Indianapolis, Indiana, second grade students study Native Americans. Each classroom has a different region on which to focus. The regions include Southwest, Plains, and Northwest. One of the schools goals is to get a historical as well as current day perspective on Native Americans. The children read fiction and nonfiction material, study patterns, geometry and time (looking into Native American art, family life, decorations, etc.). Project work includes constructing pueblos, hogans, and tools, writing poetry, legends, reports, and designing HyperStudio projects." - illustrated - From Orchard School -

Texas Indians __ A good overall introduction to Indian Tribes of Texas. Excellent for the younger student. - illustrated - By R. Edward. Moore and Texarch Associates -

Totem Animals __ Totem animals represent a spirit or that which they need to survive. Indians believed we all have power animals which can be accessed by meditation. Here you will find a list of animals and their symbolism. - illustrated - From Crystalinks -

Tunica-Biloxi Tribe of La. __ "The Tunica and the Biloxi have always lived on the fertile lands along the Mississippi River in what are today Mississippi and Louisiana. In the late 17th century, the Tunica tribe first encountered French explorers, who claimed the Indians' homeland for their king. The Tunica soon became valuable, long-term allies of French colonists who settled nearby in the 1700s. After the British forced France to abandon its North American colonies in the 1760s, the Tunica came under control of England, then Spain, and finally the United States." You will find history, tribal government, museum information and links. - illustrated - From Tunica-Biloxi Tribe -



Union Of New Brunswick Indians __ "New Brunswick First Nations are eager to assume our rightful palace as managers of our own destiny. We look forward to the day when self government is fully recognized and all peoples live and work vigorously and compassionate together in communities. To us, compassion means looking after the needs of our people, respecting our history and traditions, and sharing with our neighbors." You will find information about training programs, history and treaties, environment, economic programs, health, community and more. - From Union of New Brunswick Indians -

U.S. Indian Tribes, federally non-recognized -- Index by State __ Learn about Indian bands who are petitioning for recognition by the US government. There are over 200 such tribes and bands. - From Beaded Lizard Web Designs -

Welcome to the Narragansett Indian Tribe Online! __ "The Narragansett Indians are the descendants of the aboriginal people of the State of Rhode Island. Archaeological evidence and the oral history of the Narragansett People establish their existence in this region more than 30,000 years ago." Learn about their history, tribal government, culture and customs and a lot more. - illustrated - From Narragansett Tribe -

Yukon's First Nations __ Click on a drum to learn about any of the Yukon's 14 First Nations. - illustrated - From an assortment of sponsors found at the bottom of the opening page -


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