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Discover Turkey: Anatolia __ Ancient Anatolia is now the heartland of Turkey - photos , history -

Explore Turkey __ Explore the entire history of Anatolian civilizations from prehistory to the fall of the Ottomans. - From - 

Focus on Civilizations...Anatolia Throughout the Ages __ Series of introductory essays about Anatolian history. Time period begins 9000 BCE - illustrated - From Focul Online Magazine -

History of Anatolia __ A good essay covering the history of Anatolia from prehistory to current. A lot of additional information about Anatolia as well. - From Discover Turkey -

A Time Travel in History, Turkey __ Information about ancient Anatolia and Turkey in general beginning with 8000 B.C and ending with 30 A.D. - illustrated - 

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Assyria __ An overview of Assyrian civilization plus links. - From -

The Assyrian Kings List __ Listing of Assyrian kings. Reign lengths and comments about events during their rule. "The accuracy of the dating is such that a comparison between the Assyrian king list and that of Egypt is used to establish 'target' dates upon which to hang other ancient events." - From Assyria Online -

An Assyrian Magician's Manual __ "This text has been called "a magician's vade mecum," a handbook of the trade. It outlines what a magician, or ashipu, of the 8th century b.c.e. was supposed to know, or have on hand for reference." You will find a list of titles which are quite revealing. - From Reshe Ishkari Mashmashuti -

The Royal Tombs of Kalhu (Modern Nimrud) __ This is in reality an archaeological website. But the gallery is so good that the archaeological information is secondary. - photos - From Assyria Online -


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General Resources 

Enuma Elish, The Epic of Creation __ Here is the full text of the Epic of Creation from The Seven Tablets of Creation - By L.W. King Translator -

From Courtesans to Cleopatra: The Portrayal of Women in Hellenistic Art and Literature __ "Women of the Hellenistic age were living in times of profound change. The evolution of Hellenistic art and literature, and thus the portrayal of women, should first be examined against the background of changing social, political and economic conditions." -

The Hebrews Between Assyria and Egypt __ "The term Hebrew is probably from the word "Hiberu" found in writings sent to Egypt by the small independent states that Egypt left behind when it withdrew from Canaan." The term "Hiberu" meant outsider and probably used in reference to a great variety of migrants. - illustrated -

Near East __ Good general website about Near Eastern civilizations - illustrated -

Petra - A Brief History and some Photographs __ History of the city of Petra, Jordan, along with a large gallery of photos -

Philosophy of the Hellenistic Age __ "The conquests of Alexander the Great had radically changed the social and political conditions of the ancient Greek world. During the fifth century and fourth century B.C.E. philosophy had emerged to deal with radically different societies and their respective concerns." A detailed paper about philosophical evolution in the Hellenistic Age. - By David Penso -

Poppa's Ancient World __ A marvelous and in depth history of the entire middle eastern region from 8000BCE to 400BCE. "From the start of recorded history, the Near East has played an integral part in shaping the world we know. From the first real civilization, the Sumerians, through the struggle for power between the Egyptian and Hittite empires and the rise and fall of the Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian empires, this region provides a wealth of fascinating facts and stories." - From Poppa's World History -

The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria__ "The religion of the Babylonians and Assyrians was the polytheistic faith professed by the peoples inhabiting the Tigris and Euphrates valleys from what may be regarded as the dawn of history until the Christian era began,..." - From Theophilus G. Pinches LL.D -

The Status of Science and Technology In The Hellenistic Age __ "Science in the Classical age was as fixed as was the society, it was stratified - the top strata was pure, it was mathematics and geometry taken to its highest form, it was science taken to the realm of philosophy. Plato had envisioned a fixed, mathematical realm of perfect forms that superseded the physical realm of imperfection." There is a lot to learn in this paper. - By Steve Fillmore -


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Hittite/Hurrian Mythology REF __ Find out just who the Hittites were and some of their history.-
Hittites __ Timeline leads off this page - information about the Hittites, homeland, language, legal system, and religion. - From Crystalinks -

Hittites __ "Ancient people of Asia Minor and Syria who flourished from 1600 to 1200 B.C. The Hittites, a people of Indo-European connection, were supposed to have entered Cappadocia around 1800 B.C. The Hittite empire, with its capital at Bogazk�y (also called Hattusas), was the chief power and cultural force in Western Asia from 1400 to 1200 B.C." - links to additional information - From -


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Accessing Women's Lives in Mesopotamia __ "In general, women's rights in Mesopotamia were not equal to those of men. But in early periods women were free to go out to the marketplaces, buy and sell, attend to legal matters for their absent men, own their own property, borrow and lend, and engage in business for themselves." You will find a good overview plus links. - From Women In World History Curriculum -

Ancient Mesopotamia __ They say it all for themselves. "Ancient Mesopotamia is a seventh gradeWorld History/World Geography unit designed to be used by both students and teachers. It is designed in such a way that it can be used by students as an educational resource supplementary to the traditional social studies textbook, or it can be used by teachers in order to attain important vocabulary terms, vocabulary exercises, a study guide, an example quiz, hands-on activities, and final unit evaluations." An excellent site. - From Penn State University -

Babylonia __ An overview of Babylonian civilization. - From -

Galileo and Einstein: Babylon __ A website dedicated mostly to Babylonian math. There are a few other gems as well. - By Michael Fowler/UVa Physics Department - 

Hammurabi's Managed Health Care __ "The roots of modern managed care go back to prepaid health plans of the 19th century, but many of the concepts we use today were embraced in ancient times. The Babylonians had a system with many parallels to the present one." Learn about ancient Medicare programs. - From Stezzi Communications -

Iraqi History Page__ "In these pages from the Iraq4ever website, you will find an excellent introduction to ancient Mesopotamian and Iraqi history. The articles and essays cover the timespan from prehistoric to modern." - 

Medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia __ Learn how diseases were looked at and treated, the medicines and surgical techniques used, and the penalties and rewards for physicians according to the Hammurabi code. -

Mesopotamia - The British Museum __ A great overview of three civilizations, Assyria, Babylon and Sumer. Site navigation may be a bit strange as you will come to a page that looks like there is very little on it, just click on the large background image, and surprise. - illustrated - From The British Museum -

Mesopotamia in the Electronic Passport __ A one page introduction to ancient Mesopotamia with excellent links to related material as well as links to other aspects of ancient civilization. - illustrated - From Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport -

Mesopotamia (Women in World History Curriculum) __ This is a combination lesson plan and general information about Mesopotamian women. - illustrated - From Women In World History Curriculum -

Mesopotamian Farming __ Essay about riverside farming in Mesopotamia which compares it to river basin farming in Egypt. -

The Reports of the Magicians & Astrologers of Nineveh & Babylon, c. 2500 - 670 BCE __ Translation of advice given to the throne by the magicians and astrologers of the day. Nothing has really changed. The readings can be interpreted anyway a person wants. - From Ancient History sourcebook -


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A Bequest Unearthed, Phoenicia __ "These Web pages are a compendium of the origin, history, geography, religion, arts & crafts, trade, language, literature, music, politics, wars, archaeological evidence, and contribution to Western and Middle Eastern culture of an ancient Canaanite people of the Middle East called the Phoenicians." -

The Phoenicians: Great Seafarers, and More __ About an ancient civilization called 'purple.' Actually, they were called Phoenicians, but 'purple' is the basis of the word. - illustrated -

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The Enheduanna Research Pages __ Read about En-hedu-Anna , the first known author in world history. She is a daughter of Sargon the Great. Translations of her work - photos -

History Begins at Sumer... __ Learn about the beginnings of Sumerian civilization as well as its end. You can do all this in less than a minute and still learn something. -

Nippur: At the Center of the World of Sumer and Akkad __ About the city of Nippur. - illustrated, history -

Sumer __ An overview of Sumer and its civilization. - From -


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